Tag Archives: belajar grammar

passive voice

#Definisi:

Kalimat Pasif/passive voice adalah kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai pekerjaan atau dikenai perbuatan.

 

#Ciri-ciri :

1. Subjeknya sebagai penderita.

2. Arti dari kata kerjanya berawalan di-, ter-, atau ,ter-kan.

3. Kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris selalu memakai kata kerja bentuk ke-3/past participle.

 

Untuk lebih jelasnya perhatikan contoh di bawah ini:

contoh 1

Aktif : Triiz reads a math book.

(Triiz membaca sebuah buku Matematika)

Pasif : A biology book is read by Triiz

(Sebuah buku Matematika dibaca oleh Triiz)

contoh 2

Aktif : Dian writes a letter

(Rita menulis sebuah surat)

Pasif  : A Letter is written by Dian

(Sebuah surat ditulis oleh Dian)

 

pembahasan:

1. subjeknya dikenai pekerjaan atau dikenai perbuatan.

Pada kalimat aktif, si subjek yang melakukan pekerjaan atau perbuatan

pada kalimat pasif, si subjek yang dikenai pekerjaan atau perbuatan.

 

# Note:

1. pada kalimat pasif pekerjaannya atau perbuatannya (verbnya) yang lebih ditekankan. dan tidak terlalu penting siapa atau apa yang melakukan perkejaan itu. jadi kita tidak harus selalu memakai kata “by…/oleh…” dalam kalimat pasif.

Contoh:

My car was stolen.

(Mobil saya dicuri)

Pada contoh di atas, tidak terdapat  kata “by/oleh…” dan kalimat pasif tersebut juga benar.

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Passive voice (simple present tense)

di bawah ini rumus adalah rumus untuk membuat kalimat pasif dalam simple present tense:

Positif :
Passive voice (simple present tense) positif

Negatif  :

Passive voice (simple present tense) negatif

Pertanyaan :

Passive voice (simple present tense) pertanyaan

Contoh:

1. Aktif     :

(+)They borrow the pencil

(-)They don’t borrow the pencil

(?) Do they borrow the pencil?

1. Pasif     :

(+)The pencil is borrowed by them

(-)The pencil is not borrowed by them

(?)Is the pencil borrowed by them?

2. Aktif     :

(+) he repairs this blue car.

(-) he does not repair this blue car.

(?)Does he repair this blue car?

2. Pasif     :

(+)This blue car is repaired by his

(-)This blue car is not repaired by his

(?)Is the blue car  repaired by his ?

Note:
1. perhatikan subject pronoun. jika di ganti pasif maka akan berubah menjadi object pronoun. jelasnya disini

2. dalam kalimat pasif yang ditekankan itu pekerjaannya atau perbuatannya/verbnya, dan tidak terlalu penting siapa yang melakukan perkejaan itu. jadi kita tidak harus selalu memakai kata “by…” dalam kalimat pasif.

Contoh:
My cat was stolen
(Kucing saya dicuri)
contoh tersebut tidak terdapat  kata “by…” , tidak ada keterangan siapa yang mencuri dan kalimat pasif tersebut juga benar.

Practice: just my opinion

hii guyss…Today l wanna tell to you about my experience. my Experience has been staying in cilegon for more than 1 year. There are many difference thing that l felt during stay here. cilegon is an industrial city with largely of cilegon is industrial. I note some of unik things about this city, I think. this is just my opinion about this city guys 😉

    1. the first, My friends said if ketoprak is traditional food from Jakarta and you can find it just in the night. oke that’s right, but in cilegon is difference. ketoprak is sold anytime. If you’re hungry, you can eat ketoprak even in the morning 🙂
    2. The first time l has been arriving in cilegon for 2 years, I think the traditional language of cilegon has a little of difference with my traditional language “java
    3. if you look at map, cilegon has one main road and it’s also be center of cilegon city. so center of cilegon city is lengthwise along main road, so unique
    4. l was ever ask to my friend. He is original person from cilegon. I asked about traditional food from cilegon because l will come back to my hometown so l wanna bring gift brought back from here. I asked to him and he can’t answer my question. It was very strange for me because he has been living in cilegon since childhood. And finally l brought sate bandeng, actually this isn’t traditional food from cilegon because it didn’t have traditional food. I already asked to my friends and they can’t answer my question

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Oke guys those are some of my experience when l stayed in cilegon, maybe if you have difference experience when you have been living in cilegon,  lets share here 😉


Practice :tell a story

Good nite everyone… Today l wanna tell to you about something. Yup hehehe… I don’t know what kinds of topic that will l tell to you hehehe… But l just write something that across in my mind guys :p

right…i don’t know what things that will I write here. but…just flow…say what I wanna say…why? because I think if you wanna learn english, the best method is more and more practice. it’s better than you just study about grammar without practice.

then, the problem is… I don’t know the rule? the pattren and the other things about grammar guys…so, what can I write right sentences?…it doesn’t matter, you can learn by doing. like me , and like this 🙂

I mean, don’t worry to make some mistake because if you worry when you do practice, it’s like made a mental block for yourself. write what you wanna write and let’s it be your habbit. and remember…always learn by doing. maybe today you get more mistake about your sentence but if you always practice and learn togther, you will not relize it if right now your ability of english language is increase. like me..in the morning I always write one article by this blog to increase my english ability.

remember, practice makes batter guys…happy study 😉

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simple past

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# fungsi:

secara umum simple past di gunakan untuk menerangkan suatu peristiwa/kejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau dan sekarang telah selesai di kerjakan serta di ketahui waktu terjadinya

  • ex:
    • triiz watched TV last night (triiz menonton TV tadi malam)
    • she lived in my home for 10 days (dia “pernah” tinggal di rumahku selama 10 hari “sekarang dia sudah ga tinggal di rumahku)

The best time for planning a book is while you’re doing the dishes.

– Agatha Christie